The family ensures the stability of society, evolves along with it, and also acts as a social space in which a person's personal development takes place. State support measures are generally aimed at its socio-economic well-being. At the same time, the psychological effect of these support measures remains uncertain. The analysis of historical experience of state policy intervention in family relations can serve as a basis for modeling the future. In the 30-50 years of the last century, a boarding school system was introduced for children of northern peoples who lead a nomadic lifestyle. Researchers note that the violation of child-parent relationships has led to a number of significant psychological problems, including in family relationships and in violation of ethnic identity. The purpose of the research is to study the representation of family identity in the Self-concept of the indigenous peoples of Yakutia. Research method «Who am I?». The article compares the sakha and indigenous peoples of the north: evens, evenks, yukagirs, chukoch and dolgan. The sample consists of 586 people aged 12 to 79. It is revealed that the Self-concept of modern residents of Yakutia reflects the features of the traditional mentality of indigenous peoples. However, the family identity of the indigenous peoples of the north is less represented than that of the sakha. Thus, the results of our research confirm the impact of state measures on the self-consciousness of the individual.