The expression of emotions (including grief) differs from culture to culture and depends on the historical context. The life-world defines the grieving practices, and the social system regulates them.
Child death is a taboo topic for urban discourse. However, during folklore and anthropological expeditions in the Russian North, we noticed that women were ready to talk about it and shared their personal experience of bereavement of their children (or their siblings).
The focus of our attention is on the practice of grieving in the village community. Materials for the analysis are the records from the open electronic archive "Russian Everyday Life", which were made on the territories of the Arkhangelsk and Vologda regions from 1980 to 2021 inclusive.
Adolescence is one of the critical stages in man’s personal development, therefore this age group is more susceptible to stress because of the low ability to cope with challenging circumstances. The main purpose of coping behaviour is to restore the emotional balance and the relationship between the individual and the environment, as well as to reduce the associated psychological discomfort. The aim of the study is to explore and describe the features of coping behaviour in adolescents with differing levels of Internet addiction.
The research sample comprised 75 persons aged from 14 to 16. The authors used testing methods to study coping behavior and Internet addiction, as well as methods mathematical statistics.
The following results were obtained in the course of the research:
First, “Confrontation”, “Distancing” and “Escape – Avoidance” strategies proved to positively correlate with the level of Internet addiction.
Second, adolescents with no Internet addiction tend to use for the most part relatively adaptive cognitive and behavioural coping strategies as well as adaptive emotional coping strategies. Adolescents with obvious passion for Internet and tendency towards addiction most often use relatively adaptive cognitive and behavioural coping strategies as well as adaptive emotional coping strategies. Meanwhile adolescents with actual addiction also use relative adaptive cognitive and behavioural coping strategies, though accompanied by maladaptive emotional coping strategies.
Thus, the increasing level of Internet addiction correlates with the growing frequency of non-adaptive coping strategies. Adolescents’ withdrawal to virtual space as one of the ways to cope with stressful situation affects their emotional level to a great extent. The consideration of peculiarities of adolescents’ coping behaviour will make it possible to individualise psychological prevention programmes and those aimed at correction of Internet addiction.
Coping behaviour, coping strategy, Internet addiction, adolescence, crisis period
Today the child is included in the digital space almost from the very birth: the variety of gadgets, the easy accessibility of the internet and other means of mass communication switch the child’s consciousness from the real to the virtual world. And in this case, the digital space is the basis for forming a child’s mental processes, ethnic and cultural identity, mediating his/her life. And adolescence is of particular importance for developing the individual, forming his/her sense-value sphere, working-out behavior patterns.
The goal of the research is to study personality traits and models of coping behavior of adolescents in a situation of uncertainty in the digital space.
The sample involved 29 adolescents aged 13-14 (Group 1) and 28 adolescents aged 16-17 (Group 2) who spend 3 and more hours a day on the Internet.
The empirical study included testing (“Individual Typological Children’s Questionnaire” (L.N. Sobchik); “Strategic Approach to Coping Scale” (S.E. Hobfoll adapted by N.E. Vodopyanova, E.S. Starchenkova)) and statistical data processing.
Results of the research: adolescents of group 1 tend to emphasize their problems (p=0.001) and use the passive model of coping behavior “Cautious action” (p=0.04). They have got positive (“Aggravation”-“Aggressive action”, “Aggressiveness”-“Antisocial action”, “Emotiveness”-“Social Joining”, “Emotiveness”-“Instinctive Action”, “Sensitivity”-“Seeking Social Support”) and negative (“Sensitivity”-“Assertive Action”) correlations (p=0.05). Group 2 has got positive correlations (p=0.05): “Aggravation”-“Assertive Action”, “Aggravation”-“Aggressive action”, “Anxiety”-“Social Joining”.
Conclusion: Adolescents aged 13-14 tend to exaggerate the intensity of their state, any events are of great importance for them. They differ by increased levels of anxiety and aggressiveness. They use such models of coping behavior as “Cautious action”, “Aggressive action” and “Social Joining”.
Adolescents (16-17), being immersed in the virtual space, which shows as rigidity, introversion, and sensitivity, are aimed at social interaction and use “Cautious action”, “Seeking Social Support” and “Social Joining”.
adolescents, personality traits, coping behavior, digital space, uncertainty
In nowadays society ,the importance of knowing who we are, where we go is essential to face the globalisation. It is in the teaching learning process where professors can contribute to the formation of values, beliefs, customs which are part of the cultural identity that allows self recognition and recognizing the cultural diversity of the world we live in.The cultural identiy is seeing as a social necesity that goes beyond the educacional process and the formation of profesional. According to these basis the investigation is focused on the management of the process of formation of the Caribbean cultural identity in the students from the the Englih Language career. To carry out this investigation several methods were applied,among them, the analysis.- sinthesis, the induction- deduction,observation, interview to get to know the core of the management of formation of the Caribbean cultural identity and the current state of the variable.The investigation in progress favors the correct management of the Caribbean cultural identity having into account the four dimension of educative management : institucional, administratve, pedagogical and extensionist in the four components of the process of formation. As a result of this investigation in the strategy of the career has been incorporated the content of Caribbean cultural identity as well as in the academic year.
Puting into practice a correct management of the Caribbean cultural identity allows a high quality education, supports the students with a solid identity to face the digital era and the globalisation.
Cultural identity, process of formation, interculturality
The education of our days faces an important challenge in the enrichment of the teachingeducational process, how to transmit the contents in a fun way that generates interest and motivates the students. This method called "gamification" is another way of educating,works with the potential of students and makes the appropriation of learning an active process where the subject is the protagonist. The present study is aimed at exploring the effect of the gamification method in the implementation of an educational program to develop the ability to
pose and solve problems, to 6th grade children of the René Fraga Primary School. It is a
qualitative study, of an exploratory nature, since the existence of investigations that inquire into the subject from this perspective is unknown. We have as results that in spite of not having achieved a total assimilation of the skill, the Gamification method motivated the students to work as a team and contributed to obtain better results. From the application of this method, there was a progressive increase in the quality of responses and a development of some of the Skill indicators. Generated a positive impact in the implementation of the Educational Program.
Gamification, teamwork, to pose and solve problems.
Introduction: Bullying is especially common in the teenage environment, in the real world, and in the digital one. In a bullying situation, victims are not only sufferers, but also other role positions – initiators and their accomplices, defenders of victims and even unwitting observers.
Research aim is interrelation of predispositions to bullying roles with personal traits and self-attitudes revealing.
Methods and sample group: Empirical techniques “Bullyinf-roles structure research technique” (Norkina E.G.), “Bid Five” (Costa P.T., McCrae R.R.), “Self-attitude research technique” (Pantileyev R.S.), statistics methods. Sample – 104 school-students (9 grade).
Most of tested teenagers tend to the role of "Defender", the second –"Initiator", the third – potential “Victims”. The least – "Accomplices" and "Observers".
The potential "Initiators" are people with high level of extraversion and self-attachment, and low level of neuroticism.
The potential "Defender" role correlates with the increasing conscientiousness and agreeableness.
The tendency to be a "Victim" combines with increasing neuroticism, self-accusations, intrinsic conflictness.
The potential "Observer" role correlates with degreasing self-attachment. The interrelations of the studied indicators with the “Accomplice” role were not revealed.
Conclusion: The discovered interrelations of the studied indicators allow us to determine the characteristics that can become a risk factor for being in a particular role in a bullying situation.
bullying, teenagers, school students, personal traits, self-attitude
Escaramujo es un proyecto educomunicativo cubano que, durante 13 años, ha contribuido al desarrollo psicosocial de infantes y adolescentes en situación de vulnerabilidad, potenciando su bienestar integral y protección. Para ello, asume las metodologías de la Educación Popular y trabaja con el concepto “educomunicación popular”. Los principales resultados se evidencian en ejercicios académicos de pregrado y posgrado, publicaciones y desde la participación de sus miembros en actividades de divulgación científica.
En el 2015, el proyecto concibe el evento “Adolescer”, como un espacio anual para compartir estos resultados, gestionado por profesionales y estudiantes de las ciencias sociales que, desde diferentes universidades cubanas integran Escaramujo. La VIII edición enfatizó en los resultados vinculados a la socialización de estos grupos desde los entornos virtuales y, a raíz de la experiencia y apoyados por UNICEF, se publicó un libro que sintetiza debates, reflexiones y resultados de expertos, que, desde tres paneles, una feria de experiencias y la presentación de libros afines a la temática ofrecieron un panorama de lo que acontece -al respecto- en la sociedad cubana actual. Estos intercambios develaron la necesidad de acompañar y educar a infantes y adolescentes, para lograr una socialización digital cada vez más efectiva y segura.
Escaramujo, Adolescer, digital socialization, Cuba.
Smartphone addiction is a growing concern in modern technophilic society. The main objective of the present study was to explore the association of smartphone addiction with depression and anxiety in Sri Lankan young adults. The specific objective of the study was to translate the Smartphone Addiction Scale – Short Version (Kown et al, 2013b) into Sinhala and do a partial validation to adapt it in the Sri Lankan context. The study adopted a cross-sectional, non-experimental, and quantitative research design. The study sample consisted of 786 Sri Lankan young adults between the ages of 18 and 25 years who were active smartphone users. Data were collected exclusively online and the participants were recruited through convenience and snowball sampling techniques. The 10-item SAS-SV was used to assess smartphone addiction in the sample. The depression and anxiety subscales of DASS-21 (Lovibond & Lovibond, 1995) were used to assess depression and anxiety of participants. A systematic and standard procedure was followed to translate the SAS-SV in to Sinhala and the content and consensual validity of the scale were established using the Delphi process. The translated SAS-SV Sinhala version demonstrated high internal consistency reliability of Cronbach’s alpha .87. Pearson correlation coefficient was computed to assess the strength and direction of the linear relationship between smartphone addiction, depression, and anxiety. A multiple linear regression analysis was conducted to determine the proportion of variance in smartphone addiction that could be explained by depression and anxiety. The results of the correlation analysis indicated that depression and anxiety were significantly and positively correlated to smartphone addiction. The results of the multiple regression analysis indicated that depression and anxiety significantly predicted smartphone addiction. The findings of the present study emphasize the importance of addressing the underlying psychological issues of young adults and encouraging them to productively use their smartphones.
Smartphone, addiction, depression, anxiety, young adults
Modernization of the education system, due to increased requirements for the quality of education and orientation to the personality of students, required scientists and teachers to develop new learning technologies. Due to the development of digitalization, Excel and other programs are becoming increasingly popular and accessible, including among children. The game "Life" will be an example of how the game can contribute to the development of intelligence and interest in science and education.
The purpose of the study is to consider the game as a factor contributing to the development of a child's interest in science.
The following methods were used in the course of the study: system-information analysis, comparison of statistical data, analysis and specification of the collected information.
The main results of the study are an increase in interest in mathematics and natural sciences, an improvement in concentration on the object under study, the development of perseverance and attentiveness.
After conducting the study, the following conclusions can be drawn. Firstly, digitalization contributes to the socialization of the child in the digital world, helps him to understand the features of computer programs and programming. Secondly, the use of digital forms in teaching instills in the child an interest in science. Thirdly, the introduction of various digital forms can provide a child with useful leisure. Fourth, digital methods expand the child's competence in the field of information technology. Thus, digital games contribute to the development of a mathematical mindset and spatial thinking, as well as increase the speed of decision-making.
Game of Life; Excel; science; children; digitalization; awakening; computers
Ríos Leonard I., Central Institute of Pedagogical Sciences (Cuba) Cano Pérez A., Center for the Improvement of Higher Education of the University of Havana (Cuba) Ponce Legrá U., Ministry of Education (Cuba)
The design of the project Fostering an audiovisual culture for early childhood children and families, through the use of multiple screens, was structured with the help of the definition of tasks and specific objectives linked to each other, so that the achievement of each one of them them, can lead to the achievement of the final goal.
The referential theoretical framework of the aforementioned research project, approved by the scientific community formed in the Central Institute of Pedagogical Sciences of Cuba (ICCP) and formally represented in its Scientific Council, fulfilled the essential function of supporting the research process and of course, to the organization of actions.
That is why, from the adequate interrelation, interpretation and contextualization, of the two great theoretical nuclei assumed (related to the conceptions of early childhood and its development and with an audiovisual culture), synthesized in the national context from the activity of the Center of Latin American Reference for Preschool Education (CELEP) and the Cuban Institute of Cultural Research Juan Marinello, emerge the main decisions that are made and the proposals that are made.
From these essential pillars, the result that is presented was built and whose general objective is to prepare a catalog of quality materials, with the potential to contribute to audiovisual consumption for early childhood development.
In order to fulfill the proposed objective, more than 500 audiovisuals of all origins, extensions, genres and formats were observed. For their selection, it was taken into consideration as inclusion criteria, that they were aimed at the first ages and that they were quality materials.
The focus of the study carried out is fundamentally qualitative, in which the theoretical, analytical-synthetic, inductive-deductive and systematization methods of scientific research are privileged.
Catalog, repository, quality audiovisuals, early childhood
There are many national and international investigations that recognize the important role that audiovisuals play in the development of the human being, as well as the need for the consumption activity to be mediated, guided by others. However, few are those that provide a look at audiovisual consumption from early childhood, but fewer are those that do so with a potentializing vision of development. In a general sense, the exclusion of early childhood is not surprising, since this behavior is similar in other spheres of action or areas of study, in which the first years of the life of girls and boys (in addition, those of greater significance for its current and future development), are subsumed or made invisible, in a more encompassing denomination such as childhood, which, by including them, also generalizes them, depriving them of the consideration of particularities and peculiarities, which make them not only specific but also different.
The exposed, constitute reasons to locate the Cuban child of early childhood in the center of the investigations and to reveal the particularities that audiovisual consumption acquires from the dimensions; conception of child development, determination of audiovisual content, exercise of mediation, management of audiovisual content and carrier devices, as well as sociocultural context, its components and indicators. Which transcends the practices and consumption habits traditionally studied in other age groups. Being able to identify characteristic features of this process in the specific context of Cuba not only constitutes a valuable contribution of the social sciences for the development of more accurate public policies, but also aims to contribute to the improvement of early childhood education that is developed. Likewise, it opens a way to settle debts from the sciences with an age period that decisively marks the future life of individuals, society and the nation.
The focus of the study carried out is fundamentally qualitative, in which the theoretical, analytical-synthetic, inductive-deductive and systematization methods of scientific research are privileged.
Characterization, audiovisual consumption, early childhood development, Cuba
Este avance de investigación, será cualitativo de enfoque hermenéutico con metodología narrativa. Esta es entendida a partir de los nuevos estudios sociales sobre la infancia, donde hablar hoy día de infancia, implica por lo tanto una reconfiguración social, cultural e histórica, que atraviesa el lenguaje, nuevos escenarios y nuevas formas de mirar el mundo. Mucho se ha dicho con respecto a las concepciones de infancia respecto a la relación con la escuela, el aprendizaje y la educación, dadas desde las voces de los docentes, profesionales y adultos, las cuales se han encargado de darle sentido a esas formas de construir desde el discurso, y de visibilizar lo que años atrás ni siquiera portaba un nombre, por ende, es pertinente en este trabajo, hablar de infancias institucionalizadas, es decir, bajo protección del Estado, desde la voz misma de los niños y niñas, partiendo de que hay otras infancias que no cuentan con la cotidianidad de estar en una familia tradicional.
El objetivo es comprender las metáforas acerca de las concepciones que construyen los niños y niñas, respecto a su propia experiencia como infantes y que se encuentran en un internado de protección en el Instituto Colombiano de Bienestar Familiar (ICBF), con el fin de visibilizar otras voces de infancia y otros escenarios diferentes a los tradicionales. Se ahondará en las metáforas del discurso de niños y niñas institucionalizados en un internado de protección, teniendo en cuenta que la mayoría de los discursos y conceptos son entendidos parcialmente en términos de otros, y que aquí toman relevancia debido a lo disruptivo y diferencial que existe en las otras formas de poder nombrar desde lo simbólico, y dando cuenta de la complejidad de la experiencia infantil mediante el uso de las metáforas, facilitando así el acercamiento a un lenguaje subjetivo y reconfigurado de los nuevos.
Conceptions of childhood, metaphors in the discourse, Colombian Institute of Family Welfare, boys, girls, institutionalization, protection
9% of children and young people all over the world are officially diagnosed with addiction.
To identify the reasons of the children's gadgets addiction
This research was conducted as part of the
educational activities of the Family, Women, and Children Affairs Committee and the Committee on Education and Science of the public organization “The sovereign course” with participation of teachers and psychologists: Frolova O.S., Fakhrieva O.N., Konoshenko K.N.
The research, surveys and interviews were conducted with 30 groups:
students of a general education school aged from 12 to 14 and their families (parents, siblings and immediate family members). In a secondary school, an observation was made among 5th and 8th grades for 3 months in order to identify adolescents' dependence on the phones. Based on the results of all types of research, the problem of addiction to gadgets and its reasons were identified, and steps to overcome this addiction were developed.
Parents’ awareness of the illusory perception of the reasons for children's gadget addiction and the ways how to solve this problem.
The necessity to show to a child a cause-and-effect relationship of the gadget addiction and the idea that it’s his or her growth point which is important to let him or her live a real life.
The lack of quality relationships in families has led to smartphones teenagers’ addiction
1. if a family realizes their goals, traditions and there are healthy relationships between parents and good quality time together, children do not go into gadgets
2. Children’s Gadget addiction is formed by parents:
- focus on their career,
- stop giving necessary attention to their children
How parents should treat their children's addiction to gadgets.
1. to support the interests of the kids, to help them find answers to any questions.
2. to take into account the child's individuality, strengths.
Reasons for teenager’s smartphone addiction